Auth Tokens


  • Dev Team

    @hyramgraff

    @artch A "read-only" token doesn't need to be a "read-everything" token. I don't know if there's a better description that's widely used for a token that's only authorized for read access to non-sensitive data.

    I mean, GET api/user/me endpoint contains some sensitive data for example. Allowing all GET endpoints would include this one. Otherwise we have to develop some other criteria other than "all GET".


  • Dev Team

    @tedivm

    Another issue that's come up is that the rate limits are making development difficult. Would it be possible to have the rate limits lifted or removed for PTR?

    We may leave only the global 120 req/min limit and drop all per-endpoint limits on the PTR.


  • Dev Team

    @ags131

    For the moment I've reverted my code pushing to using username/password, I've hit the rate limiting 3 times in a row this morning trying to work on cross-shard code.

    Do you think the "Reset" button would help you with that? You can even set up your push script to open that URL automatically on the rate limiting response, it will give you another 10 pushes in the current hour window (with automatic reset to yet another 10 requests in 00 minutes of the next hour).


  • Dev Team

    @ags131

    I have another minor request for the tokens: Add an option to add a short comment or label to the token in the UI, that would make it easy to tell which tokens are used where. For example, commenting with 'local dev', 'screepsplus', 'stats', etc

    Nice idea!

    On that note, the ability to manually enter paths for the token would be nice too. Allows a bit more flexibility than the current full-access or limited selections.

    It's technically difficult to implement.


  • Dev Team

    @cgamesplay

    The websockets endpoint specifically I wish would be rate limited on bandwidth rather than on connection duration. My external console takes effectively no bandwidth but stays connected for hours, even a 0.25 KB/s bandwidth limit would be completely acceptable to me.

    How would you like to get it implemented personally? Truncating responses? Throttling/skipping them?


  • Dev Team

    @bonzaiferroni Do you have any thoughts on what would be the best solution for your project, considering our needs with this new system?



  • @artch

    Do you have any thoughts on what would be the best solution for your project, considering our needs with this new system?

    Unfortunately I don't have any brilliant ideas. Clients are going to be in a whole different class of data use compared to an automated tool like a stats-checker. While a stats-checker will use a little bit of data constantly, a client will use potentially quite a bit more data except only when the player is active. That is why I thought the per-day limits might mitigate the problem, but it is only a partial solution and it isn't suitable for the reasons you've stated above. Another issue is meeting these limits with the client might lock a user out of other tools, which would be unacceptable to most players. The heart of the problem is that automated tools can be designed to stay within reasonable limits, but a client's data use will be intrinsically unpredictable and sporadic.

    I can't think of any solution short of allowing clients to bypass the limits, as you've done with the official client. It might be that the best use for 3rd-party clients is with private servers. Since the Screeps3D project is being developed under the MIT license I suppose it would be possible for the dev-team to release their own version that has been modified to access the public server, but I realize that is probably unrealistic.


  • Dev Team

    @bonzaiferroni I think the only option for clients is to handle Google Invisible reCAPTCHA somehow. This is how the official client will work, and the same principle should be applied to any other client. You can even continue to use /api/auth/signin endpoint with normal token exchange generated by it, but you have to be ready that the server will ask you to confirm CAPTCHA from time to time (once per a few hours). I believe there must be some tool to embed a Web View in a Unity application these days.



  • @artch

    That might be very workable, I'll definitely look into what it would take. I wonder if it would be possible to get a new subforum for asking questions related to 3rd party tools, sometimes a little direction from the devs can go a long way.



  • @artch Throttling would be ideal. A token bucket controlling the maximum amount of data that can be sent is probably easiest to implement. From my limited memory of the socket endpoints, I think dropping messages that would overflow the bucket is reasonable (I don't think any client will get confused if messages were dropped since they are all named ws events). You could even send a console message describing that you are being rate limited.


  • Culture

    @artch The link reset would help a lot there, In my case, it usually ends up being a burst of 2-5 uploads within a couple minutes, then sometimes 5-10 minutes until the next push. Those bursts can easily eat up the 10/hour. Resetting via a link seems like a good way to handle that. Will the reset only work once per hour period? Or repeatable?


  • Culture

    @artch On the topic of Websockets, whats the current issue there? Is it console value sizes? For stats I know theres a few of us that spit out stats on console in order to get per-second ticks without heavy http polling, I have ~3kb in console output on the bigger output ticks, +~14kb of stats each tick, one of the very last things I do in my loop is serialize the stats into a single line and console.log that.

    As a side note, one idea that crossed my mind after tokens were added is adding a logging service, allow users to register a token and I would connect to the socket and store the last day or so of console.log data. That data could then be downloaded as a text file or possibly indexed and searched online. This wouldn't be possible with time limited sockets, but would with a bandwidth limited socket. (This is assuming only subscribing to /console for each user)

    For now I've got a couple projects/ideas on hold waiting to see how the rate-limiting plays out.


  • Culture

    We need to come up with a solution that allows legit console usage like tracking errors and short messages, but disallow abusing it to send large amounts of data.

    What about putting a limit on how much can be pushed through the console? For example, limiting the string length for console.log, or a max console.log total volume per tick. This would have the added benefit of working for all cases of console overuse, rather than just limiting stats. For example if you thought Quorum was pushing too much data through console, even though it is a bunch of short messages with no "stats", this would prompt some limiting.

    The other thing to consider is that there are really three main stats programs (screeps-stats, screeps-grafana, and screepsplus) that are used by the community at large, and they are essentially managed by three people (myself, @ags131, @Dissi). I'm pretty sure the three us will commit to not pushing stats over console if we're specifically told not to, and will refuse to merge any PRs which enable it. I know there are other individuals who have their own setup that's separate from that, but it may be a matter of simply sending your "high console users" a message to let them know they're putting too much strain on the system.

    We may leave only the global 120 req/min limit and drop all per-endpoint limits on the PTR.

    That would be fantastic.


  • Culture

    @artch said in Auth Tokens:

    @bonzaiferroni I think the only option for clients is to handle Google Invisible reCAPTCHA somehow. This is how the official client will work, and the same principle should be applied to any other client. You can even continue to use /api/auth/signin endpoint with normal token exchange generated by it, but you have to be ready that the server will ask you to confirm CAPTCHA from time to time (once per a few hours). I believe there must be some tool to embed a Web View in a Unity application these days.

    This is a bit more complicated, but I have an idea that might work for clients such as this.

    1. Client authenticates to /api/auth/client.
    2. /api/auth/client returns two values- an authentication token and a URL.
    3. The Client then exposes the URL to the User.
    4. The user clicks the URL, which brings them to a screeps page (presumably in a browser, not necessarily a webview) that includes the reCAPTCHA.
    5. Upon clicking the "enable" button the token given in step 2 is activated for six hours.

    In the background the client can check /api/auth/isactive and pause all interaction until the token is enabled.

    The benefit to this method is it can be used by a number of applications that don't have a web view, including command line ones, but still requires full "human" authentication that can't be easily bypassed by a bot.


  • YP

    Sounds like oauth2 with a captcha in the login page .)


  • Culture

    @w4rl0ck I actually almost mentioned that it was a bastardized OAuth version, but since it's missing a ton of the OAuth requirements and is a much simpler overall system I let it pass :-D


  • Culture

    What about putting a limit on how much can be pushed through the console? For example, limiting the string length for console.log, or a max console.log total volume per tick. This would have the added benefit of working for all cases of console overuse, rather than just limiting stats. For example if you thought Quorum was pushing too much data through console, even though it is a bunch of short messages with no "stats", this would prompt some limiting.

    I agree here, it makes sense for there to be a console volume limit, per tick. That can also be easily worked around by the user by queuing and prioritizing messages to stay within the limits.

    The other thing to consider is that there are really three main stats programs (screeps-stats, screeps-grafana, and screepsplus) that are used by the community at large, and they are essentially managed by three people (myself, @ags131, @Dissi). I'm pretty sure the three us will commit to not pushing stats over console if we're specifically told not to, and will refuse to merge any PRs which enable it. I know there are other individuals who have their own setup that's separate from that, but it may be a matter of simply sending your "high console users" a message to let them know they're putting too much strain on the system.

    Agreed here too, if I'm asked not to do something (Such as using console for stats). I'll update the ScreepsPlus stats agent to remove that capability and encourage users to update and switch to another method.

    My primary motivations for using the console for stats output is live per-tick stats, polling the API endpoints every 3 seconds (Or whatever the tick rate is on that shard) is IMO way too many HTTP requests to be doing constantly, while the websocket stream is a steady trickle without the extra overhead of individual HTTP requests. I also dump a copy of every console message and error into rotated text files for easy searching, it makes debugging infrequent errors easier.


  • Dev Team

    @tedivm

    This is a bit more complicated, but I have an idea that might work for clients such as this.

    1. Client authenticates to /api/auth/client.
    2. /api/auth/client returns two values- an authentication token and a URL.
    3. The Client then exposes the URL to the User.
    4. The user clicks the URL, which brings them to a screeps page (presumably in a browser, not necessarily a webview) that includes the reCAPTCHA.
    5. Upon clicking the "enable" button the token given in step 2 is activated for six hours.

    What's difference here from usual /api/auth/signin flow (with reCAPTCHA enabled starting from February)? Looks like the same principle to me.


  • Culture

    @artch the main difference is that in my example no one has to embed a recaptcha directly in their program (which, after looking at it, i'm not sure is even possible for many applications). I just think it'll be easier to impliment.


  • Dev Team

    @tedivm You can open the URL directly instead of embedding it in an iframe or a web view, that's the decision of the client developer and has nothing to do with how the server works.


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